Indicator Definitions

Table of Content

  1. Absolute Price Oscillator (APO)
  2. Acceleration Bands
  3. Accumulation/Distribution Line (ADL), Oscillator
  4. ADX DI
  5. AlphaTrends Anchored VWAP (AVWAP)
  6. Arnaud Legoux Moving Average
  7. Aroon, Oscillator
  8. ATR Trailing Stop
  9. Average Directional Index (ADX)
  10. Average True Range (ATR), Trailing Stops
  11. Awesome Oscillator
  12. Balance of Power
  13. BB/KC Squeeze
  14. Bollinger Bands (R), %B, Width
  15. Candle Range, Time
  16. Chaikin Money Flow, Oscillator, Volatility
  17. Chande Kroll Stop, Momentum Oscillator
  18. Chandelier Exit
  19. Choppiness Index (CHOP)
  20. Commodity Channel Index (CCI)
  21. Connors RSI (CRSI)
  22. Coppock Curve
  23. Departure Chart
  24. Detrended Price Oscillator (DPO)
  25. Directional Movement Index (DMI)
  26. Donchian Channels, Channel Width
  27. Ease of Movement (EMV)
  28. Elder Ray, Elder's Force Index
  29. Envelope
  30. Exponential Moving Average, Double, Triple (EMA)
  31. Fibonacci Bollinger Bands (R)
  32. Fisher Transform
  33. Forecast Oscillator
  34. Gap Snake
  35. Hilbert Transform
  36. Historical Volatility Ratio
  37. Hull Moving Average (HMA)
  38. Ichimoku Cloud
  39. Intraday Intensity Index, Percent
  40. Kaufman Adaptive Moving Average (KAMA)
  41. Keltner Channel
  42. Klinger Oscillator
  43. Know Sure Thing (KST)
  44. Lane's Stochastic Oscillator
  45. Least Squares Moving Average (LSMA)
  46. Linear Regression Line, Intercept, Slope
  47. Moving Average Convergence-Divergence (MACD)
  48. Mass Index
  49. McGinley Dynamic
  50. MESA Adaptive Moving Average
  51. MidPoint Over Period
  52. Momentum
  53. Money Flow Index (MFI)
  54. Moving Average Ribbon
  55. Moving Average with Variable Period (MAVP)
  56. Moving Standard Deviation
  57. Net Volume
  58. On Balance Volume (OBV)
  59. Parabolic SAR
  60. Percentage Price Oscillator (PPO)
  61. Percentage Volume Oscillator (PVO)
  62. Pivot Points Daily
  63. Range, Previous Session, Today's Opening
  64. Rate of Change (ROC)
  65. Relative Strength Index (RSI)
  66. Relative Vigor Index (RVI)
  67. Relative Volatility Index (RVI)
  68. Simple Moving Average (SMA)
  69. SMI Ergodic Oscillator
  70. Smoothed Moving Average
  71. Stochastic, Momentum Index, RSI
  72. Super Trend
  73. Triangular Moving Average
  74. TRIX
  75. True Strength Index (TSI)
  76. TTM Squeeze
  77. Ultimate Oscillator
  78. Ultimate RSI by Brad Kruger
  79. Vertical Horizontal Filter
  80. Volatility Stop
  81. Volume, Lower, By Price, WMA
  82. Volume Rate of Change
  83. Volume Weighted Average Price
  84. Vortex Indicator (VI)
  85. Weighted Moving Average
  86. Welles Swing Index
  87. Wilder's Moving Average
  88. Williams %R, Alligator, Fractals
  89. Woodies CCI
  90. Zero-Lag Exponential Moving Average

Absolute Price Oscillator (APO)

The Absolute Price Oscillator displays the difference between two exponential moving averages of a security’s price and is expressed as an absolute value. Trading signals are generated when the indicator crosses the zero-line or when there is a divergence between the stock price and the indicator value.

Acceleration Bands

Acceleration Bands measure the volatility over a specified period of time by plotting a simple moving average as a midpoint with equidistant upper and lower bands. Trading signals are generated when the price breaks out from a band or turns lower from an upper or lower maximum.

Accumulation/Distribution Line (ADL), Oscillator

The Accumulation/Distribution Line and Oscillator is a volume-based indicator that measures underlying supply and demand by calculating a running total of each period’s Money Flow Volume. If the ADL is falling, it can be a sign that traders are turning bearish and vice versa when the indicator is rising.

ADX DI

The Average Directional Index (ADX) is an oscillator that measures the strength of a trend by looking at a Negative Directional Indicator (-DI) and a Positive Directional Indicator (+DI) that measure momentum. The price is trending higher when the +DI is above -DI and vice versa.

AlphaTrends Anchored VWAP (AVWAP)

The AlphaTrends Anchored VWAP is a volume-weighted moving average that responds to ‘anchoring events’, such as an earnings release or Presidential election. The indicator is commonly used to show areas of potential support and resistance while accounting for these one-off events.

Arnaud Legoux Moving Average

The Arnaud Legoux Moving Average attempts to remove small price fluctuations and enhance trend detection by applying a moving average from left to right and right to left. The indicator shows areas of potential support and resistance without as much noise as other moving averages.

Aroon, Oscillator

The Aroon-Up and Aroon-Down Indicators measure the number of periods since a X-day high or low. They are commonly combined to create the Aroon Oscillator. Readings above zero suggest that there are more new highs than new lows, suggesting a bullish move higher, and vice versa for readings below the zero line.

ATR Trailing Stop

The Average True Range Trailing Stop can help you place stop trailing stop loss levels based on the current degree of price volatility. By adjusting for volatility, the indicator makes it easier to set precise stop loss levels without the worry of being stopped out prematurely due to volatility.

Average Directional Index (ADX)

The Average Directional Index is a momentum indicator that measures trend strength. Values above 25 suggest that a strong trend is present, while values below 20 suggest that there’s no trend, assuming the default ADX(14) is set. Trend traders can use these readings to determine when to jump in and out of trend trades and avoid sideways markets.

Average True Range (ATR), Trailing Stops

The Average True Range measures volatility by decomposing prices over a period of time. Unlike other indicators, ATR is not a directional indicator, but rather, a measure of the degree of interest or disinterest in the market. ATR Trailing Stops are commonly used by trend traders to set stop-loss levels that move alongside the trend.

Awesome Oscillator

The Awesome Oscillator is a momentum indicator that calculates the difference between two moving averages using each bar’s midpoints. Trading signals are generated when the value crosses above or below the zero line, while traders can also look for peaks, valleys or saucers in the indicator itself.

Balance of Power

The Balance of Power indicator measures the market strength of buyers versus sellers by determining the ability of each side to affect extreme price levels. Trading signals are generated when the indicator value diverges from the price.

BB/KC Squeeze

The Bollinger Brand (R) Keltner Channel Squeeze helps you identify breakout opportunities when both the upper and lower Bollinger Bands (R) fit within the Keltner Channel. When the Bollinger Bands (R) start to come out of the Keltner Channel, the squeeze is released and a move could take place.

Bollinger Bands (R), %B, Width

Bollinger Bands (R) are moving average envelopes with upper and lower bounds that are typically two standard deviations from a 20-day simple moving average. Trading signals are generated when the price reaches the upper or lower bounds or breaks out from the upper or lower bounds. The Bollinger Band (R) %B is an indicator that measures the percentage bandwidth between the upper and lower bounds, while the Bollinger Band (R) Width measures the absolute price difference.

Candle Range, Time

The Candle Range and Candle Time indicators are primarily for use within technical strategies or dynamic alerts where you want to account for the range of a given candle or the time of day. The readings are arbitrary for day-to-day use, but they can help you fine-tune your strategies.

Chaikin Money Flow, Oscillator, Volatility

The Chaikin Money Flow indicator is a volume-weighted average of accumulation and distribution over a specified period of time. Trading signals are generated when the indicator’s value crosses above or below the zero line, as well as when the indicator’s value diverges from the price.

Chande Kroll Stop, Momentum Oscillator

The Chande Kroll Stop is a trend-following indicator that’s calculated using the Average True Range and commonly used as a stop loss point. Sell signals are generated when the price crosses below goth lines and buy signals are generated when the prices crosses above both lines. The Chande Momentum Oscillator uses the same indicator in an oscillator format.

Chandelier Exit

The Chandelier Exit is an indicator used to set a trailing stop-loss based on the Average True Range. Using a period high or low, the ATR, and a multiplier, the indicator is designed to keep traders in a trend and prevent early exits. Stop-loss levels are trigged when the price touches the indicator’s line from above (sell long) or below (cover short).

Choppiness Index (CHOP)

The Choppiness Index is a volatility indicator that’s designed to determine if the market is choppy or trending. While it’s not meant to predict price direction, it’s helpful for traders looking to avoid instances where they may be stopped out due to rising volatility. Values closer to 100 suggest a choppy market, while those closer to zero suggest a trending market.

Commodity Channel Index (CCI)

The Commodity Channel Index measures the current price relative to the average price over a period of time to determine if there’s an uptrend or downtrend. Buy signals are generated when the value moves above +100 while sell signals are generated when the value moves below -100. Traders also look for convergences or divergences with the price.

Connors RSI (CRSI)

The Connors RSI is a composite momentum indicator consisting of the RSI, UpDown Length, and Rate of Change. Values over 90 are considered overbought and values below 10 are considered oversold. Traders also look for divergences between the price and CRSI to determine potential inflection points.

Coppock Curve

The Coppock Curve is a long-term price momentum indicator used to identify major bottoms in the market. While the indicator has proven accurate on monthly charts, there have only been a handful of signals since the 1980s using the original indicators. Many traders use it on daily to minute charts to generate signals when crossing the zero line.

Departure Chart

The Departure Chart is one of the oldest technical indicators that measures the difference between two moving averages (one short and one long). While it’s primarily used to identify trends, it’s also helpful for pinpointing overbought and oversold conditions.

Detrended Price Oscillator (DPO)

The Detrended Price Oscillator attempts to eliminate the long-term trends in prices. Using a displaced moving average, it avoids reaction to the most recent price action to better show intermediate overbought or oversold conditions. Traders often look for peaks or troughs to determine intermediate cycles.

Directional Movement Index (DMI)

The Directional Movement Index determines the strength of a trend vey looking at differences between highs and lows. Unlike other momentum indicators, it doesn’t show trend direction. Rising indicator lines suggest a strong trend (either up or down) with readings above 25 indicating a strong trend.

Donchian Channels, Channel Width

Donchian Channels are moving average envelopes created using the highest high and lowest low over a specified period of time. Traders use the indicator to assess the volatility in a market (e.g. the Donchian Channel Width), where breakouts represent periods of rising volatility.

Ease of Movement (EMV)

The Ease of Movement indicator helps traders see the relationship between price and volume. Higher values suggest that the price is increasing on low volume, while lower values suggest that the price is falling on low volume. Traders often use a moving average of the indicator as a trigger line.

Elder Ray, Elder’s Force Index

The Elder Ray is an oscillator that uses ‘bull power’ and ‘bear power’ to calculate the strength of a market trend. Traders often look at the slope of the indicator to determine if bulls or bears and garnering strength. The Elder’s Force Index converts the oscillator into an indicator value with a zero line that traders can use to assess trend strength.

Envelope

The Envelope indicator attempts to define upper and lower bands for trading by plotting two moving average envelopes on a price chart. One is whited up a certain distance and one is shifted down a certain distance to create an envelope around the price. Traders treat each end of the envelope as an area of support or resistance.

Exponential Moving Average, Double, Triple (EMA)

The Exponential Moving Average is a weighted moving average that gives more weight to recent price data. Unlike the Simple Moving Average (SMA), the EMA assumes that recent prices are more important than distant past prices, so it changes more quickly than the SMA.

Fibonacci Bollinger Bands (R)

Fibonacci Bollinger Bands (R) are simply Bollinger Bands (R) with Fibonacci retracements built into them to show areas of support and resistance. The basis is typically calculated using the Volume Weighted Moving Average and the bands are three standard deviations away from the mean.

Fisher Transform

The Fisher Transform indicator converts prices into a Gaussian normal distribution to highlight when prices have moved to an extreme relative to recent prices. Traders often use the indicator to spot turning points in the price of an asset by looking for peaks and troughs.

Forecast Oscillator

The Forecast Oscillator is a linear regression based indicator that compares the closing price to its time series forecast. A reading above zero suggests that the forecast price is higher than the current price and vice versa if the reading is below zero. Traders may use these readings to bias their opinion of where prices may be statistically headed.

Gap Snake

The Gap Snake Indicator is a TrendSpider-specific indicator that highlights the most recent gaps on any timeframe until they are closed. You can use them in conjunction with Market Scanners or the Strategy Backtester to find opportunities, or simply set dynamic alerts to be notified of a fill.

Hilbert Transform

The Hilbert Transform is a complex technical indicator based on the mathematical concept by the same name. The indicator seeks to differentiate between cyclical and trending price activity. Traders use the indicator to signal overbought and oversold conditions in a cyclical market.

Historical Volatility Ratio

The Historical Volatility Ratio is a measure of volatility over a fixed period of time. Traders use the indicator to see how volatility changes changed over a period of time.

Hull Moving Average (HMA)

The Hull Moving Average is a moving average indicator designed to have less lag and more responsiveness, as well as less noise than other moving averages. Many swing and positive traders use the indicator to determine a security’s underlying trend, and less commonly, to identify entry and exit points.

Ichimoku Cloud

The Ichimoku Cloud is a collection of technical indicators that show support and resistance levels along with the underlying trend and momentum. A price above the ‘cloud’ indicators a bullish uptrend and vice versa for a price below the ‘cloud’. A ‘cloud’ moving in the same direction as the price represents an even more bullish trend. The various moving average also provide areas of support and resistance to watch.

Intraday Intensity Index, Percent

The Intraday Intensity Index is a technical indicator designed to approximate institutional trading volume during a given period. While many indicators show how volume impacts the price, this indicator helps see how large block orders may be affecting the price (e.g. more intense order flow).

Kaufman Adaptive Moving Average (KAMA)

The Kaufman Adaptive Moving Average is a moving average indicator that’s designed to remove market noise and volatility. The indicator closely mirrors prices when there’s low noise and increases in distance during volatile periods. The indicator is used the same way as any other moving average, although it could experience more whipsaw action.

Keltner Channel

Keltner Channels are moving average bands with lower and upper bands that adapt to changes in volatility using the Average True Range. Traders often look for breakouts from the channels as a sign of an upcoming trend change or look at the overall increase or decrease as a sign of trend strength.

Klinger Oscillator

The Klinger Oscillator is designed to capture long-term money flow trends by combining volume with price. Traders watch for divergences between the indicator and the signal price to find potential reversals, while the oscillator’s signal line is also used to generate buy or sell signals.

Know Sure Thing (KST)

The Know Sure Thing is a momentum oscillator that makes rate-of-change readings easier to interpret. As with the MACD and other oscillators, buy signals are generated when KST crosses above the zero-line or makes a crossover above the signal line. The opposite signal occurs if there’s a cross under.

Lane’s Stochastic Oscillator

Lane’s Stochastic Oscillator measures the current price’s location in relative to the period’s high or low. Traders use the oscillator in the same way that they use similar oscillators by looking for crossovers or cross unders with the zero-line and signal line.

Least Squares Moving Average (LSMA)

The Least Squares Moving Average calculates the least squares regression line for preceding time periods, which creates a forward projection for the current period. Traders use the moving average to understand what could happen if the regression line continued into the future, providing valuable hints into support and resistance levels.

Linear Regression Line, Intercept, Slope

The Linear Regression Line is a technical indicator designed to show the direction of a trend by drawing the “best fit” line for a linear regression between a start and end point. Traders may look at the indicator to assess trend direction or to find mean reversion trade opportunities. The slope of the line indicates the strength of the trend.

The Linear Regression Intercept indicator is calculated using the Linear Regression, or LR, technique similar to the Linear Regression Forecast Indicator. For each data point, the indicator plots the intercept of the trend line.

The Linear Regression Slope is an oscillator that's similar to many momentum indicators. As its name suggests, it oscillates above and below a central line drawn at zero. It can be used to measure the strength or weakness, as well as the direction of the prevailing trend and momentum.

Moving Average Convergence-Divergence (MACD)

The Moving Average Convergence-Divergence is one of the most popular oscillators showing the interplay between two moving averages. If a short-term trend is rising or falling more quickly than a long-term trend, it could be a sign that the trend is gaining momentum. Traders look at the direction of these trends, crossovers with the zero-line, and any divergences or convergences with the price.

Mass Index

The Mass Index looks at the difference between the high and low over a period of time. When the price range widens beyond a certain point, the indicator suggests that there might be a reversal of the current trend. The idea is similar to the popular mean reversion strategy.

McGinley Dynamic

The McGinley Dynamic indicator is a type of moving average that adapts to market speed. By minimizing price separations and volatile whipsaws, the indicator seeks to show price action more accurately than using more basic simple moving averages or exponential moving averages.

MESA Adaptive Moving Average

The MESA Adaptive Moving Average is attempts to adapt to price movements based on the rate change of phase as measured by the Hilbert Transform Discriminator. Traders use the moving average in the same way as other moving averages, looking for the overall trend and crossovers that could suggest a breakout or breakdown.

MidPoint Over Period

The MidPoint OverPeriod indicator looks at the highest and lowest points over a period and plots the midpoint between the two over a period of time. By looking at the midpoint, traders can see the an average price movement rather than looking at the highs and lows that can be choppy.

Momentum

The Momentum oscillator measures the magnitude of price change in a given direction over time. Values above 100 indicate positive momentum (e.g. increasing price) and values below 100 indicate negative momentum (e.g. decreasing price). Traders often draw trend lines on the oscillator to determine periods where the price may be overbought or oversold.

Money Flow Index (MFI)

The Money Flow Index is an oscillator that measures the flow of money into and out of a security over time. While the Relative Strength Index (RSI) lookout price, the MFI looks at both price and volume to identify overbought or oversold conditions. Readings below 20 indicate oversold levels and readings above 80 indicate overbought conditions.

Moving Average Ribbon

The Moving Average Ribbon plots a series of moving averages of different lengths on the same chart to provide a three-dimensional look into the market. Typically, moving average ribbons consist of eight different exponential moving averages that are equally spaced apart from each other.

Moving Average with Variable Period (MAVP)

TBD

Moving Standard Deviation

The Moving Standard Deviation is a measure of market volatility. By calculating the standard deviation of moving averages over a period of time, traders can quickly see the expected volatility based on historical price action. Traders look for an increase in value when markets become more unstable, suggesting a possible breakout or breakdown.

Net Volume

The Net Volume indicator subtracts a security's uptick volume form its downtick volume to determine market sentiment. Positive net volume is a sign that a security is experiencing a bullish upswing, while negative net volume suggests a bearish downswing.

On Balance Volume (OBV)

On Balance Volume is a cumulative indicator that measures buying and selling pressure. The indicator rises when volume on up days outpaces volume on down days and vice versa. Traders often confirm trends by looking for rising or falling values, while divergences could indicate a near-term trend reversal.

Parabolic SAR

The Parabolic SAR (Stop And Reverse) is a trend following indicator that attempts to identify trends and ideal stop-loss points. Traders often use the indicator when placing trailing stop-loss points, while it can also be helpful for determining when trends reverse direction.

Percentage Price Oscillator (PPO)

The Percentage Price Oscillator is a momentum oscillator that measures the difference between two moving averages and expresses the difference as a percentage of the larger moving average. A move into positive territory reflects strong bullish momentum, while a move into negative territory reflects strong bearish momentum. Traders also look for divergences between the indicator and the price as a reversal sign.

Percentage Volume Oscillator (PVO)

The Percentage Volume Oscillator (PVO) is a momentum oscillator that's used for volume rather than price. By measuring the difference between two volume-based moving averages as a percentage of a larger moving average, it shows you how a security's volume is changing over time.

Pivot Points Daily

Pivot Points are widely used daily calculations of support and resistance levels. Many traders plot pivot points on a chart to show potential areas of support and resistance, while relying on other technical indicators for confirmation.

Range, Previous Session, Today’s Opening

The Range simply shows the price range over a specified period of time. While most traders use the Average True Range (ATR), the raw price range can be helpful for assessing volatility in some cases.

Rate of Change (ROC)

The Rate of Change indicator is a momentum oscillator that measures the percentage change between the current price and a past price. As with other oscillators, traders look for overbought or oversold readings, as well as crossovers with the centerline and divergences with the price chart for signals.

Relative Strength Index (RSI)

The Relative Strength Index is one of the most popular momentum oscillators that measures the speed and change of price movements. Readings above 70 indicate overbought conditions, while readings below 30 suggest oversold conditions. Divergences with the price chart could suggest that a reversal will occur over the coming sessions.

Relative Vigor Index (RVI)

The Relative Vigor Index is an oscillator that measures the strength of a trend by comparing its closing price to its trading range and smoothing the results. As with other oscillators, traders usually look for overbought or oversold conditions, as well as divergences with the underlying price chart for signs of an upcoming reversal.

Relative Volatility Index (RVI)

The Relative Volatility Index is an oscillator that measures the standard deviation of price changes over a period of time rather than absolute price changes (like the RSI). Many traders use the RVI in conjunction with moving average crossover strategies as confirmation rather than as a standalone indicator.

Simple Moving Average (SMA)

The Simple Moving Average is, as its name implies, the most basic moving average calculation. Unlike the exponential moving average or weighted moving averages, it does not account for the recency of price movements. However, it remains an important indicator of potential support and resistance levels, as well as a popular part of trading systems.

SMI Ergodic Oscillator

The SMI Ergodic Oscillator is a double smoothed stochastic oscillator designed to clearly show trends by reducing compression in overbought and oversold areas. Traders look instead toward the trigger line for buy and sell signals when it falls below -20 or above +20.

Smoothed Moving Average

Smoothed Moving Averages combine concepts from Simple Moving Averages and Exponential Moving Averages. Using longer periods to determine an average, the indicator assigns a weight to the price data as the average is calculated to smooth out fluctuations and provide a clearer picture of the long-term trend.

Stochastic, Momentum Index, RSI

The Stochastic RSI, StochRSI, applies the Stochastic oscillator to a set of Relative Strength Index values rather than standard price data. The result is an indicator that’s more sensitive and fine-tuned to specific securities. Readings above 80 are considered overbought, while readings below 20 are considered oversold.

Super Trend

The Super Trend is a momentum indicator similar to moving averages or the MACD, except it uses the Average True Range to calculate values. Buy and sell signals are generated when the price crosses above or below the indicator value, while traders also use the line as an area of support or resistance.

Triangular Moving Average

The Triangular Moving Average is a double smoothed moving average that assigns the most weight to the middle segment of the price data. In that way, it’s a mix between a Simple Moving Average with even distribution and an Exponential Moving Average that heavily weights more recent prices. As with other moving averages, traders use the indicator to identify trends or areas of support or resistance.

TRIX

The TRIX indicator combines trend and momentum into a single indicator. By looking at the rate of change of a triple exponentially smoothed moving average, the indicator shows the strength and direction of a trend. Traders typically look for divergences and signal line crossovers for opportunities.

True Strength Index (TSI)

The True Strength Index is a momentum oscillator that double smoothes price changes to filter out the noise. As with other oscillators, traders look for overbought or oversold levels, crossovers with the centerline, and divergences with the price to indicate potential reversals.

TTM Squeeze

The TTM Squeeze indicator measures the relationship between Bollinger Bands (R) and Keltner’s Channels. By finding sections Bollinger Bands (R) that fall inside of Keltner’s Channels, traders can easily see when a market is experiencing strong momentum. The indicator is plotted along with the Momentum Oscillator to show buy and sell signals.

Ultimate Oscillator

The Ultimate Oscillator is a momentum oscillator that incorporates momentum across three timeframes. The oscillator rises when buying pressure is strong and falls when buying pressure is weak. While the shortest timeframe carries the most weight, traders can benefit from looking at a wider range of timeframes to inform their analysis. Traders typically look for divergences to identify specific trading signals.

Ultimate RSI

The Ultimate RSI by Brad Kruger is a technical indicator designed to function similar to the Relative Strength Index in terms of purpose, but offers some useful additions.

Vertical Horizontal Filter

The Vertical Horizontal Filter (VHF) is a trend and rage indicator developed by Adam White. The indicator subtracts the highest close from the lowest close and divides by the sum of the absolute value of the difference of the highest and lowest closes over a user-defined period of time.

Volatility Stop

The Volatility Stop indicator uses a multiple of the Average True Range to define potential stop loss points along a prevailing trend. Traders usually look or a crossover as a signal to cover a short position and a cross under to exit a long position. While it’s not designed for entry signals, traders can also look at these levels as buy signals.

Volume, Lower, By Price, WMA

Volume-based indicators provide much-needed context to price action. For example, the Volume Weighted Moving Average (VWMA) incorporates volume into the moving average calculation to provide a better indication of important price levels when creating a smooth average. Volume Lower and Volume by Price can also provide insights into how volume is affecting price.

Volume Rate of Change

The Volume Rate of Change indicator measures the rate of change in volume over a specified period of time. In particular, the VROC measures the current volume by comparing it to the volume “n” periods or sessions ago. VROC can be a powerful technical indicator that provides insights into volume dynamics.

Volume Weighted Average Price

The Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) is the ratio of the value traded to total volume traded over a specified period of time. In essence, it measures the average price at which a stock traded over a period of time and provides context into the actual behavior of traders in the market.

Vortex Indicator (VI)

The Vortex indicator is a combination of two oscillators that capture positive and negative trends. While the formula is complex, traders look for instances where the positive trend crosses above or below the negative trend as a sign of a bearish or bullish opportunity, respectively. Traders may also look for crossovers or cross under of a centerline.

Weighted Moving Average

Weighted Moving Averages are moving averages that assign more weight to recent data and less weight to past data. Unlike the EMA, the WMA puts linearly decreasing weight to closing prices when moving into the past (e.g. it’s not exponential). Traders use the WMA in the same way as other moving averages — to identify areas of potential support and resistance, as well as to better see the overall trend.

Welles Swing Index

The Welles Swing Index (SI) Swing Index is a technical indicator developed by Welles Wilder to assess changes in trend direction and strength in relation to quick price swings. The indicator provides insights into the moment when traders' behavior changes to foreshadow larger price moves.

Wilder’s Moving Average

Wilder’s Moving Average is the moving average calculation that’s commonly used in Wilder’s other indicators, including the Average True Range, Relative Strength Index and others in their true form. While the Wilder Moving Average is similar to the Exponential Moving Average, there is a difference in the way that the time period is converted into a fraction that makes it slightly different.

Williams %R, Alligator, Fractals

Williams %R is a momentum oscillator that’s designed to be the inverse of the Fast Stochastic Oscillator. Readings of -20 indicate overbought levels, whereas readings above -80 indicator oversold levels. Traders also look for failed moves into overbought or oversold territory as indications that bulls or bears are losing momentum, respectively.

Woodies CCI

Woodies CCI is a momentum oscillator based on a 14-period Commodity Channel Index. As an unbounded indicator, traders must look at the oscillator within a given context rather than looking at specific overbought or oversold levels. Traders also look for divergences with the price, which could signal a potential reversal.

Zero-Lag Exponential Moving Average

The Zero-Lag Exponential Moving Average aims to eliminate the lag associated with Exponential Moving Averages by adding a momentum term. The resulting moving average follows the price more closely than a conventional EMA. As with other moving averages, traders look at the indicator as a potential area of support or resistance, as well as to assess the overall trend.